An old Texas saying - There are but 2 kinds of landowners in Texas: Those with wild hogs and those that are about to have wild hogs ..
Please Make Note - BigDaddy at HuntSports does not like wild hogs .. BUT we do not advocate the use of diesel fuel on corn to encourage use by wild pigs. And the use by non target species such as deer or raccoons can have a very negative impact, and because we do not know the full impact of diesel fuel ingestion by the wild pigs themselves .. some of which may be destined and harvested by fellow hunters for human consumption. Furthermore, the pouring or contact of diesel gas on the ground may create an environmental hazard.
One size does not fit all when it comes to wild hog and boar baits. However, research suggests that wild pigs are attracted to baits that have a sweet pungent odor, such as strawberry or berry flavorings. Hence, you will see several commercial “pig baits” that contain some type of strawberry flavoring based on this research - see our Boar-Masters Products. Many baits will and have worked and landowners are encouraged to vary baits among traps to find out what wild hogs find most attractive at a particular location or during a particular season. However, the more abundant the food supply, the more difficult it is to attract pigs to these baits. Shelled corn is often used, but landowners have also been successful by fermenting corn, milo, rice, oats, etc. to increase the odor attraction. Overripe fruit and vegetables have also been used successfully. Others have used maple syrup on corn.
Not Sure What To Plant? How Much? Variety? Blends?
BigDaddy says, "Send me an email and tell me about your plans and ideas? We offer many products, varieties of seeds that have been time-tested to provide the best wildlife and whitetail food plots available."
Wild pigs can do a great deal of damage to net wire fences which are generally used to confine sheep and goats. They tear them up or lift them up off the ground to gain access and therefore leave “holes” that sheep and goats can pass through.
Within a few days of giving birth, a pregnant sow will leave the herd group in order to farrow. They may remain apart for 2 to 4 weeks then rejoin the old herd group. Piglets have been observed actively feeding on solid food (e.g., shelled corn) at only 2 weeks of age! The sows really don’t “abandon” their litter over time. A “sounder” is a family group of pigs made up of sows (typically related via about 3 generations) and their piglets. Pigs are completely weaned by about 3 months of age, although they have been observed eating solid food (e.g., corn) at as young as 2 weeks of age. About 80% of the yearling females remain with the sounder and the rest disperse. Young males disperse from the sounder at about 16 to 18 months of age. There is some research that supports the idea that sounders can become territorial– but not the individual pigs.
If you see a large wild pig traveling alone .. BigDaddy says .. 101 times out of 100 it is a big old boar. The mature boars become more solitary, or sometimes travel with a small number of other large boars. They only join up with sounders when a sow comes into heat .. and I've heard stories of guys trapping a sow in heat to attract wild boars. A smart idea!
The most sensitive environmental areas wild pigs damage are wetland areas and they can alter the vegetative community present. They compete with native wildlife for hard mast (e.g., acorns from oak trees). Their rooting can accelerate leaf litter decomposition causing the loss of nutrients which can impact seedling survival of trees. Their rooting behavior can damage seedling tree growth and survival. Longleaf pine seedlings seem to be especially vulnerable to wild pigs. Research suggests that the pigs may actually root up seedlings of various tree species and chew the root system to obtain nutrients. They rub against individual trees (pines) that are capable of producing a lot of rosin presumably as they rub to remove ectoparasites on their skin and the rubbing of selected pine trees has resulted in girdling of some mature trees which can eventually kill the tree.
Wild pigs are creatures of habit and will use the same bedding and resting areas and feeding and watering areas as long as the food sources remain available. However, they are capable of moving great distances to find food. Human disturbance and hunting pressure will make them alter their patterns. They do have some affinity to their “home range” which can vary from a few hundred acres to several thousand acres based on food availability and pressure. A 2011-12 telemetry study of adult female wild feral pigs with sounders done in east Texas resulted in home range estimates of approximately 2 square miles, or 1,100 acres.
A 2004 survey conducted by Texas A&M Agri-Life Extension Service placed annual damage to agriculture in Texas alone at $ 52 million with an additional $7 million spent by landowners to attempt to control the wild pigs and/or correct the damage. This is indeed a very conservative estimate. Other researchers suggest that damage per wild hog per year averages $200, but the problem there is that the assumption is made that a 40 pound pig causes as much damage as a 300 pound wild pig - which is unlikely. The total pig population in Texas has been estimated recently ( in 2011) at 2.6 million. However, estimates for the United States population as a whole are non-existent but “guesstimates” place that number between 4 million and 8 million wild animals. Some reports estimate total damage in the U.S. may be $1.5 billion annually. However, these damage estimates are in part based on population estimates, but again, a figure we don’t have a good handle on nationwide.